To reduce uncertainty in decisions, engineers experiment with models, such as, exploring what-if scenarios, and thus increase knowledge. Still, because modelling is an idealisation of reality, there is often substantial uncertainty involved, and this decision makers less confident to lean onto models alone when making decisions. The aim of this paper is to conceptualize a design support for improving confidence and validity in models, by communicating uncertainties from modelling and simulation to relevant stakeholders. The paper reports on empirical data from a research profile workshop. The findings illustrate the importance of communicating uncertainties from models between relevant stakeholders in order to drive action. The paper then presents an approach to visualize model maturity levels as well as impact levels in relation to one or several aggregated models. With this approach, focus can move to discuss the knowledge about the knowledge that is created from modelling, and to facilitate discussions on a meta-level about the modelling and simulation. This is exemplified by a test scenario where a multi-disciplinary modelling and simulation of an asphalt roller is presented.
The aim of this paper is therefore to present an approach to adopt a design automation strategy towards supporting the configuration of fixtures and to discuss opportunities for moving towards a Product-Service System-paradigm in this domain. This paper reports on a development of a design automation demonstrator to configure fixtures for control-measuring.
Bertoni, Alessandro, Marco Bertoni, Massimo Panarotto, Christian Johansson, Tobias C. Larsson. Value-driven product service systems development: Methods and industrial applications. CIRP Journal of Manufacturing Science and Technology. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cirpj.2016.04.008.
Abstract Reports about the depletion and pollutant of the earth by human interference and the increasing need for urbanised areas require us to think differently about how we go about achieving this increased urbanisation. In this context, urban mining, where demolition sites are mined for increased recycling and value extraction. Due to high specialisation of…
Bertoni, M., Bertoni, A. & Johansson, C. (2015). Knowledge Enabled Engineering. International Workshop of Advanced Manufacturing and Automation. Shanghai, China. Trans Tech Publications Inc.
The paper presents the results of a three-days experiment to test the use of information from a value assessment model and from a knowledge maturity scale in decision making in preliminary design.
Bertoni, A., Bertoni, M., Panarotto, M., Johansson, C. & Larsson, T. (2015). Expanding Value Driven Design to meet Lean Product Service Development. In: Xavier Boucher and Daniel Brissaud (Ed.), 7th Industrial Product-Service Systems Conference: IPSS. Pp. 197-202. Elsevier.
Ericson, Å, Johansson, C & Nergård, H 2015, ‘Manufacturing knowledge: going from production of things to designing value in use’ Intelligent Decision Technologies, vol 9, nr 1, s. 79-89.,10.3233/IDT-140207.
Karlsson, A., Törlind, P. & Johansson, C. (2014). Managing Rejected Ideas from Projects— A Way to Avoid Idea Cemeteries. Proceedings of International Product Development Management Conference. Limerick, Ireland: EIASM.
Johansson, C. (2014). Managing uncertainty and ambiguity in gates: Decision making in aerospace product development. International Journal of Innovation and Technology Management, 11(2), pp.21.